Yagya (Yagyaraman Mahadevan)

Born To WIN…Writing to express not impress

Civilian Awards in India February 22, 2008

Filed under: Old Writings — Yagya @ 18:12

I always wondered, how many Awards we have in our country and what is the difference between those, which is higher in hierarchy. Learnt about that in Wikipedia (This is one site, which I have started going through for anything and everything and I am never let down because it gives so much of details :-) )

Padma Shri
This award is given by the Government of India generally to Indian citizens to recognize their distinguished contribution in various spheres of activity including the Arts, Education, Industry, Literature, Science, Sports, Social Service and public life. (Padma = Lotus, in Sanskrit). As of 2008 Feb, 2095 people have received the award.

Padma Bhushan
This is awarded to recognize distinguished service of a high order to the nation, in any field. It stands third in the hierarchy of civilian awards, after the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan, but comes before the Padma Sri. As of 2008 Feb, 1003 people have received the award.

Padma Vibhushan
The Padma Vibhushan is India’s second highest civilian honour. It consists of a medal and a citation and is awarded by the President of India.

It was established on January 2, 1954. It follows the Bharat Ratna and precedes the Padma Bhushan. It is awarded to recognize exceptional and distinguished service to the nation in any field, including government service.
As of Feb 2008, 235 people have received the award.

Bharat Ratna
Bharat Ratna (translates to Jewel of India or Gem of India in English) is India’s highest civilian award, awarded for the highest degrees of national service. This service includes artistic, literary, and scientific achievements, as well as “recognition of public service of the highest order.” The award was established by the first President of India, Rajendra Prasad, on January 2, 1954. The honour has been awarded to forty persons, a list which includes two non-Indians and a naturalized Indian citizen. Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh are the states with the most number of awardees (8 each). The actual award is designed in the shape of a peepul leaf and carries the Hindi-written words “Bharat Ratna” on the front. The reverse side of the medal carries the state emblem and motto. The original statutes of January 1954 did not make allowance for posthumous awards (and this perhaps explains why the decoration was never awarded to Mahatma Gandhi), though this provision was added in the January 1955 statute. Subsequently, there have been ten posthumous awards, including the award to Subhash Chandra Bose in 1992, which was later withdrawn due to a legal technicality, the only case of an award being withdrawn.

While there was no formal provision that recipients of the Bharat Ratna should be Indian citizens, this seems to have been the general assumption. There has been one award to a naturalized Indian citizen — Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, better known as Mother Teresa (1980); and two to non-Indians — Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (1987) and Nelson Mandela (1990).

No one has been conferred with Bharat Ratna since 2001.


23 Responses to “Civilian Awards in India”

  1. Subhashree Says:

    Is there any award like Kumbakarnan or Kadothgajan award given for those who are best in eating and sleeping?? If you come across such awards let me know.. You know I am very good in such Extra curricular activities and very keen in winning such titles.. I know wat u r thinking now.. You are amazed to see my enthu right??


  2. porus Says:

    Nice information. Thank You


  3. Vinoth Says:

    Really Good information


  4. Gokul Says:

    gud info……. but is there any other awards in the same lineage…..


  5. ahfaz Says:

    gr8 work !!


  6. KASTURI Says:

    HEY… thnks for all this detail.. and in such precise and compact manner…
    great work.. keep writin..! :)


  7. nitin Says:

    hey good info.
    i like it
    keep it up…….


  8. ratna sekhar gogulamudi Says:

    hey hey hey……. good information yaar…
    i liked it ……..
    my doughts have been cleared with your information
    keep it up……….


  9. Nahush Garg Says:

    Nice info but you need to update that “Bharat Ratna” has been awarded to 41 and not 40 persons so far. After Bismillah Khan(in year 2001), Bhimsen Joshi received this award in year 2008 for his contributions to Hindustani Classical Music.


  10. Prof.Dr.Rajan Iyer Says:

    ‘No one has been conferred with Bharat Ratna since 2001.’
    I beg to differ. To the best of my knowledge the last Bharat Ratna recepient was none other than Kirana Gharana vocalist Resp.Lt.Shri Pandit Bheemsen Joshiji(2008)


  11. sagar Says:

    i beg to differ too,sir …. Pandit bhimsen joshi was the last indian to receive this award in the year 2008


  12. sagar Says:

    the last person to receive the award was pandit bhimsen joshi in the year 2008


  13. pavan kumar Says:

    bhimsen joshi has been awarded bharat ratna in 2008


  14. ansar aripra Says:

    thanks bhai………………………….


  15. Amit Sharma Says:



  16. Dew Marya Says:

    thank you for helping me in my homework :)


  17. viru Says:

    good… keep updating


  18. yaa its wonderful :) :D


  19. RANEE Says:

    THANKS A LOT ……….


  20. Ruba Says:

    Thnks 4 d help……


  21. Vijay Trimbak Gokhale Says:

    Sachin Tendulkar is awarded Bharat Ratna in February 2014.


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